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Risks of importing Ivermectin for treatment of COVID-19
The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA), part of the Department of Health, has detected increased importation and prescribing of Ivermectin for the treatment of COVID-19. Ivermectin is a prescription medicine that is not approved in Australia (or in other OECD countries) to prevent or treat COVID-19 disease, and should not be imported for this indication.
The TGA strongly discourages self-medication and self-dosing with Ivermectin for COVID-19 as it may be dangerous to your health. There is insufficient evidence to validate the use of Ivermectin in patients with COVID-19.
Ivermectin is indicated in the management and treatment of infections caused by parasites, such as mites and worms. In Australia, Ivermectin has been approved for the treatment of roundworm infections, scabies and inflammatory rosacea.
Antiviral efficacy against COVID-19 and improvement to clinical outcomes from Ivermectin have not been proven.
Ivermectin is not approved for the treatment of COVID-19
Treatment of COVID-19 is not a permitted indication for any TGA-approved Ivermectin products, which means that the TGA has not assessed the safety and efficacy of these products for this condition. Doctors that prescribe Ivermectin off label must consider the potential risks and benefits, and obtain informed consent from patients about the condition and treatment options.
More evidence-based research is required to determine if Ivermectin could be used as an antiviral medicine to fight against COVID-19 disease. There is a need for larger and consistent randomised controlled clinical trials.
Cochrane Reviews provides globally recognised systematic reviews of research in healthcare and health policy. On 28 July 2021, a review of Ivermectin for preventing and treating COVID-19 was published. This review found no evidence to support the use of Ivermectin for treating or preventing COVID-19 infection, and noted that the evidence base is limited.
The National COVID-19 Clinical Evidence Taskforce publish evidence-based guidelines to support healthcare professionals.
The Department of Health has published information on how evidence is used in the approach to COVID-19 treatments to keep Australians safe.
Beware of buying medicines from questionable websites
Buying medicines online from unverified websites can be dangerous.
Fake products, known as counterfeits, imitate genuine products but may contain undeclared and hazardous active ingredients. Risky products, especially those sold by online sellers that do not request a doctor's prescription, can put you at serious risk of unpredictable or severe adverse reactions. A lack of manufacturing and testing standards may also result in contaminated products.
Caution is also advised before importing unapproved medicines into Australia for personal use. The TGA does not evaluate unapproved therapeutic goods for quality, safety and efficacy when imported via the Personal Importation Scheme.