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Ventilators

TGA product safety review

30 April 2018

In June 2017, the TGA issued a monitoring communication regarding ventilators following reports of a range of issues. Some of the issues listed in the monitoring communication were:

  • unresponsive touch screens when trying to change or check settings, particularly in alarm situations e.g., screen blank or freezing, on-screen buttons not functioning
  • spontaneous unexplained shut down
  • increased service alerts
  • auto-cycling or auto-triggering (unintended ventilation)
  • power off or on difficulties
  • oxygen sensor malfunction
  • issues related to software, interface usability, and capture of data.

The TGA issues monitoring communications to raise awareness among health care providers about certain medical devices and encourages health care providers to monitor for these types of issues and report any adverse events.

Concurrently, the TGA has been sourcing information nationally and internationally regarding the safety and performance of ventilators included in the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods (ARTG).

Based on the information collected since June 2017, a product safety review is being undertaken by the TGA to assess these kinds of devices being used in the intensive care or high-level care environments.

The TGA has requested that sponsors provide the following information:

  • evidence that the ventilators meet the ventilation delivery and monitoring specifications published in the Instructions For Use, which should include evidence that the breathing circuits recommended for use with this ventilator are valid
  • for ventilators that are intended for use with paediatric patients, a clear clinical justification and validation of why tidal volume delivery specifications are acceptable and safe
  • post-market data
  • which breathing circuits are suitable for use with the ventilator.

The information requested is undergoing review and any regulatory action resulting from the review will be published.

Products included in the review

The TGA's review covers ventilators that are used in high-care hospital settings for long-term therapy of intubated patients. Such long-term use will normally be associated with integral or separate humidifiers. It does not include ventilators used only for transport or in home settings.

The review will initially examine 18 of the more commonly used ventilators, but more may be added over time.

The table below lists the 18 ventilators included in the initial stage of the review. This table will be updated if additional ventilators are added.

ARTG Sponsor Manufacturer Model
158739 Draeger Medical Australia Pty Ltd Dragenwerk AG & Co kGaA Infinity Evita V500
92177 Draeger Medical Australia Pty Ltd Dragenwerk AG & Co kGaA Evita V300
92177 Draeger Medical Australia Pty Ltd Dragenwerk AG & Co kGaA Evita XL
92177 Draeger Medical Australia Pty Ltd Dragenwerk AG & Co kGaA Evita 4 Edition
140966 Draeger Medical Australia Pty Ltd Dragenwerk AG & Co kGaA Carina
92177 Draeger Medical Australia Pty Ltd Dragenwerk AG & Co kGaA Evita 2 Dura
92177 Draeger Medical Australia Pty Ltd Dragenwerk AG & Co kGaA Savina 300
92177 Draeger Medical Australia Pty Ltd Dragenwerk AG & Co kGaA Savina
108358 GE Healthcare Australia Pty Ltd Datex-Ohmeda Carescape R860
162468 Getinge Australia Pty Ltd (previously Maquet Australia Pty Ltd) Maquet Critical Care AB Servo-u
162468 Getinge Australia Pty Ltd (previously Maquet Australia Pty Ltd) Maquet Critical Care AB Servo-i
221416 Medtronic Australasia Pty Ltd Covidien IIc PB980
182309 Medtronic Australasia Pty Ltd (prevoiusly Covidien Pty Ltd) Covidien IIc PB840
230065 Philips Electronics Australia Ltd Respironics California Inc V680
159490 Philips Electronics Australia Ltd Respironics Inc Trilogy 100
159490 Philips Electronics Australia Ltd Respironics Inc Trilogy 202
120573 Resmed Limited ResMed Paris Elisee 350
120573 Resmed Limited ResMed Paris Elisee 150

Information for consumers

These ventilators are used only in intensive care units and other high-level care wards within hospitals.

If you or someone you provide care for is hospitalised and needs mechanical ventilation, please be aware that the health professionals who work in these areas are highly trained and have protocols to deal with the potential issues that may affect these devices where they are being used in the absence of alternatives.

If you have any questions or concerns about this issue, speak to the hospital staff.

Information for hospitals and health professionals

The TGA advises that the devices can continue to be used while the product safety review is being conducted.

If information becomes available which indicates that the ventilators should not be used, the TGA will ensure that hospitals and health professionals are promptly notified.

Health professionals are encouraged to report any adverse events with these devices, especially those identified above.

Reporting problems

In addition to adverse events involving ventilators, consumers and health professionals are encouraged to report problems with medical devices. Your report will contribute to the TGA's monitoring of these products. For more information see the TGA Incident Reporting and Investigation Scheme (IRIS).

The TGA cannot give advice about an individual's medical condition. You are strongly encouraged to talk with a health professional if you are concerned about a possible adverse event associated with a medical device.