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Organisation and format of the application dossier
The applicant must provide an application dossier that has been completed and structured in accordance with the relevant instructions specified in:
- CTD Module 1: Administrative information for assessed listed medicines: completed to the extent that it is applicable for all assessed listed medicines application levels.
- Module 2: Overviews, written summaries and tabulated summaries of the data contained in Module 5, completed to the extent that it is applicable for particular L(A)2 and L(A)3 applications as detailed in Appendix A: Specific technical data requirements (Module 2).
- Module 5: ICH M4E Common technical document for the registration of pharmaceuticals for human use - Efficacy (CPMP/ICH/2887/99 Rev 1 Efficacy). Completed to the extent that it is applicable for particular L(A)2 and L(A)3 applications, as detailed in Appendix A: Specific technical data requirements.
- The application dossier must be submitted electronically, in accordance with the requirements in the General dossier requirements.
Content of the application dossier
The application dossier must provide appropriate documentation (in the correct format and locations, as determined by the CTD modules) to allow a delegate of the Secretary to decide whether the medicine can be approved for listing in the ARTG. The exact content of the application dossier will vary according to the application level and type of medicine.
Technical data requirements
The technical information that is required in Module 5 for an application to be considered effective is at Appendix A – Specific technical data requirements.
Where an application meets the description of more than one of the application types listed in Appendix A - Specific technical data requirements, data must be provided in accordance with the requirements for each application type that is relevant to the application.
Comparable overseas regulator (COR) reports
The TGA makes use of reports from comparable overseas regulators (CORs), where possible, in the regulation of registered complementary medicines, new ingredients for use in listed medicines and most recently in evaluation of assessed listed medicine applications.
Introducing a framework that accepts COR reports allows us to complete evaluations within shorter timeframes. The framework allows technical data from identified regulators to be used and adapted to meet Australian requirements, provided the regulator meets the criteria of a suitable COR.
Where COR reports are used, we will continue to make the final regulatory decision, ensuring efficacy data is not compromised and that the Australian regulatory context is taken into account.
The criteria for identifying CORs and submission requirements are currently being finalised by the TGA and will be published in due course.
Australia-specific and adopted European Union and ICH guidelines
It is the applicant's responsibility to identify and familiarise themselves with the relevant Australia-specific guidelines and adopted European Union (EU) and ICH guidelines.
The use of European Union (EU) and ICH guidelines adopted in Australia and other Australia-specific guidelines is not mandated in the legislation. However, under paragraph 25(1)(d) of the Act the delegate is required, when evaluating an application for registration, to consider:
"...whether the quality, safety, and efficacy of the goods for the purposes for which [the goods] are to be used have been satisfactorily established."
Australia-specific guidelines and adopted EU and ICH guidelines describe the kind of data and information to be included in each Module of a dossier. If the dossier does not contain all information required for pre-market assessment for efficacy, the TGA may not be able to determine whether the efficacy of the medicine has been satisfactorily established.
The TGA has an ongoing process to consider and decide whether or not to adopt newly released and updated EU and ICH guidelines. As part of this process, some of the above guidelines may be amended, removed or replaced from time to time. Applicants should check the TGA website routinely and subscribe to the email list to receive updates on new content.
Justification for not complying with technical data requirements or not adhering to guidelines
Compliance with relevant requirements set out in Appendix A – Specific technical data requirements and adherence to applicable guidelines is highly desirable as it most readily allows the TGA to determine whether the medicine can be listed in the ARTG.
Where there are any deviations from relevant requirements or applicable guidelines, the applicant must advise the TGA and provide a justification.
When a justification needs to be provided
If the application does not meet a technical requirement or adhere to an applicable guideline, a justification must be provided.
For instance, a justification must be provided when:
- the dossier does not contain a Module that is required for the application to be considered effective and accepted for evaluation.
- the application does not adhere, either in full or in part, to the guidelines that set out the required technical information.
What needs to be included in a justification
Where the TGA has provided detailed information to assist applicants to construct a justification, ensure all details have been addressed in the justification. For example, the TGA Biopharmaceutic studies guideline provides information on the required content for a justification for not conducting biopharmaceutic studies.
In other cases, applicants need to make a separate robust scientific justification for each deviation from relevant data requirements or applicable guidelines. The justification must include all of the following for the application to be effective:
- an explanation of the requirement, guideline or part of the guideline that is not being met, and how it is not being met
- citations of relevant scientific studies supporting the reasons why the guideline or requirement cannot be met
- an explanation of the proposed alternative approach and a contemporary scientific justification for why the approach is valid, with reference to supporting documents
- validation of the alternative approach, including reference to supporting documents, including TGA documents, where appropriate
- citations of relevant scientific studies supporting the alternative approach
- literature based submissions must be in accordance with TGA guidance on Literature based submissions and the Assessed listed medicines evidence guidelines.
- full text versions of all cited references (other than TGA documents) in the dossier.
Purpose of justifications
Each justification performs two functions:
- It needs to be present and address all of the above points for each relevant requirement that is not met or applicable guideline that is not adhered to, in order for the application to be considered effective under section 23B of the Act and be accepted by the TGA for evaluation; and
- Once the application has been accepted for evaluation, each justification needs to be sufficient for the TGA to be satisfied that the medicine can be listed in the ARTG under section 26AE of the Act. The content and merit of a justification (i.e. whether the alternative approach is in fact valid) will be assessed during the evaluation phase.
Justifications that are not complete and/or scientifically sound will not be accepted. This may result in an application for listing of a medicine being rejected.
Compliance with administrative requirements
Applicants must comply with, and cannot provide a justification for not complying with, administrative requirements as set out in:
- this document; Organisation and format of the application dossier
- CTD Module 1: Administrative information for assessed listed medicines
- General dossier requirements
- the approved application form in TGA Business Services.