You are here

Herbal ingredients plant preparations index

TGA approved terminology for therapeutic goods

30 March 2020

Use this Appendix to ensure you use the correct plant preparation term.

This page provides additional information on how to use (and express) the approved plant preparation names that are in the Plant Preparation Code Table.

Note: Some names listed here are not TGA approved names, but help to direct you to the most correct name.

Information in the plant preparations index

Plant preparation type

Plant preparations appear in alphabetical order and are commonly used names or technical terms. Refer to the description in column 2 to confirm the approved name for each preparation type, and how it should be expressed in applications and on labels.

Approved name for the preparation type

  • If an approved name is listed here (in bold), ensure this is used in applications and on product labels.
  • You can search the Plant Preparations Code Table for the bolded preparation names.

Alternative term for label

In some instances, label AANs are included if you need a different term for your label.

Note: Some of these can only be used where there is limited space on the label.

  • Where the ingredient is extracted (other than oil and fat), the complete label AAN also includes the amount of dry/fresh raw material used to make the ingredient.
  • Where the ingredient is claimed to be standardised, the complete label AAN also includes the component against which the ingredient is standardised.

If final extraction ratio and solvents are required in an application

Use the approved name for the final extraction ratio and solvents. This is required as the second part of the approved name for extracted ingredients (other than oil and fat).

NOTE

Solvent details are only required for active ingredients.

If equivalent dry/fresh weight is required

The approved name for the equivalent dry or fresh weight of raw herbal material used (or needed) to make the ingredient (e.g., 'dry', 'fresh', 'juice dry' or 'juice fresh'), is required as the third part of the approved name for most extracted ingredients. This is also required if:

  • a label claim is made concerning the amount of dry/fresh weight of raw herbal material needed to make the ingredient
  • the statement begins with 'EQUIV.', the AHN and plant part are stated before the approved name is used.

If a component is required

The approved name for the amount of a component in the ingredient is required as the last part of the approved name for all ingredients where a standardised plant preparation is required within the medicine application.

  • • Make separate statements where the amount of more than one component is to be declared.

Herbal ingredients plant preparations index

D

Decoction

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Decoction (label AAN if label space limited: decoc.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in 100% W)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Decoction concentrate

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Decoction concentrate (label AAN: decoction, if label space limited: decoc.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (?:1 in 100% W)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Decoction concentrate standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Decoction concentrate standardised (label AAN: decoction standardised, if label space limited: decoc. conc. stand., decoction stand., or decoc. stand.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (?:1 in 100% W)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

Decoction standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold):Decoction standardised (label AAN if label space limited: decoc. stand., decoction stand., or decoc. stand.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in 100% W)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

Distillate (where not an essential oil)

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Distillate (label AAN if label space limited: dist.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in 100% W)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Distillate concentrate (where not an essential oil)

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Distillate concentrate (label AAN: distillate, if label space limited: dist.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (?:1 in 100% W)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Dry

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Dry

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required (required if label claim): EQUIV. AHN + part + fresh

Dry standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Dry standardised (label AAN if label space limited: dry stand.)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required (required if label claim): EQUIV. AHN + part + fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/ HCN

E

Essence, i.e. 'flower essence'

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Essence (label AAN: flower essence)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in solvents)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: Required if not highly dilute: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh (optional if highly dilute)

Extract

refer oil, fat, wax, resin, oleoresin and balsam.

If an extract of a fat, resin, oleoresin or balsam, ensure this term is part of the plant part, and use 'extract etc.' as the plant preparation

Extract dry

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Extract dry (label AAN: extract, if label space limited: ext. dry)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in solvents)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Extract dry concentrate

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Extract dry concentrate (label AAN: extract, if label space limited: ext. dry conc.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (?:1 in solvents)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Extract dry concentrate standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Extract dry concentrate standardised (label AAN: extract standardised, if label space limited: ext. dry conc. stand., extract stand., or ext. stand.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (?:1 in solvents)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

Extract dry standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Extract dry standardised (label AAN: extract standardised, if label space limited: ext. dry stand., extract stand., or ext. stand.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in solvents)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

Extract liquid

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Extract liquid (label AAN: extract, if label space limited: ext. liq.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in solvents)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Extract liquid concentrate

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Extract liquid concentrate (label AAN: extract, if label space limited: ext. liq. conc.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (?:1 in solvents)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Extract liquid concentrate standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Extract liquid concentrate standardised (label AAN: extract standardised, if label space limited: ext. liq. conc. stand., extract stand., or ext. stand.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (?:1 in solvents)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

Extract liquid standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Extract liquid standardised (label AAN: extract standardised, if label space limited: ext. liq. stand., extract stand., or ext. stand.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in solvents)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

Extract oil infused

Extract soft

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Extract soft (label AAN: extract, if label space limited: ext. soft)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in solvents)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Extract soft concentrate

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Extract soft concentrate (label AAN: extract, if label space limited: ext. soft conc.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (?:1 in 100% W)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Extract soft concentrate standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Extract soft concentrate standardised (label AAN: extract standardised, if label space limited: ext. soft conc. stand., extract stand., or ext. stand.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (?:1 in 100% W)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

If component required (required if label claim): EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

Extract soft standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Extract soft standardised (label AAN: extract standardised, if label space limited: extract stand., or ext. stand.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in solvents)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

F

Fat

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Fat

If an extract of a fat, ensure ‘fat’ is part of the plant part and use ‘extract’ etc. as the plant preparation

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: Required if label claim, otherwise optional: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Fresh

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Fresh (label AAN: ‘fresh’ may be omitted if the plant part includes any of the following terms: balsam, gum, latex, oleoresin, resin, sap, wax)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required (required if label claim): EQUIV. AHN + part + dry

H

Homoeopathic potency

Refer Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States (HPUS)

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): X ... decimal (1 in 10) dilutions (or equiv.) counted as in HPUS, where first dilution of mother tincture = 2X

(label AAN decimal (1/10) dilutions: n X

centessimal (1 in 100) dilutions: n

counted as in US/French/ German homoeopathic pharmacopoeia)

I

Infusion

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Infusion

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in 100% W)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Infusion standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Infusion standardised (label AAN if label space limited: infusion stand.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in 100% W)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

J

Juice concentrate

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Juice concentrate (label AAN if label space limited: juice conc.)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + juice dry/fresh

Juice concentrate standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Juice concentrate standardised (label AAN if label space limited: juice concentrate stand., or juice conc. stand.)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + juice dry/fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

Juice dry

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Juice dry (label AAN: juice powder)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: Required if label claim: EQUIV. AHN + part + juice fresh

Juice dry standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Juice dry standardised (label AAN: juice powder standardised, if label space limited: juice dry stand., or juice powder stand.)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required (required if label claim): EQUIV. AHN + part + juice fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

Juice fresh

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Juice fresh (label AAN: juice)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required (required if label claim): EQUIV. AHN + part + juice dry

Juice fresh standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Juice fresh standardised (label AAN: juice standardised, if label space limited: juice fresh stand., or juice stand.)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required (required if label claim): EQUIV. AHN + part + juice dry

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

Juice powder

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Juice dry (label AAN: juice powder)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required (required if label claim): EQUIV. AHN + part + juice fresh

Juice powder standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Juice dry standardised (label AAN: juice dry standardised, juice powder standardised, if label space limited: juice dry stand. or juice powder stand.)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required (required if label claim): EQUIV. AHN + part + juice fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

L

Latex

Where it is part of the plant part; select the preparation, e.g. ‘fresh’, ‘extract...’

O

Oil essential

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Oil essential (label AAN if label space limited: oil ess. or oil)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: Required if label claim, otherwise optional: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Oil fixed

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Oil fixed (label AAN if label space limited: oil)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: Required if label claim, otherwise optional: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Oil infused

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Oil infused (label AAN if label space limited: oil inf. or oil)

CAUTION: Quantify the active ingredient oil alone (do not include the quantity of solvent oil used)

Where the solvent oil(s) are also in the product, name and quantify these excipient(s) separately

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: Required if label claim, otherwise optional: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Oleoresin

If an extract of an oleoresin, ensure ‘oleoresin’ is part of the plant part, and use ‘extract etc.’ as the plant preparation

P

Potency

Powder

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Powder

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: Required if label claim: EQUIV. AHN + part + fresh

Powder standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Powder standardised (label AAN if label space limited: powder stand.)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: Required if label claim: EQUIV. AHN + part + fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

R

Resin

Resin is part of the plant part; select the preparation, e.g. ‘fresh’, ‘extract…’

S

Sap

Sap and sap balsam are part of the plant parts; select the preparation, e.g. ‘fresh’, ‘extract ...’

Spagyric

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Spagyric

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:?): prep 1 (?:? in solvents) & prep 2 ... etc.

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Spagyric concentrate

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Spagyric concentrate (label AAN: spagyric, if label space limited: spagyric conc.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (?:1): prep 1 (?:? in solvents) & prep 2 ... etc.

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Spagyric concentrate standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Spagyric concentrate standardised (label AAN: spagyric standardised, if label space limited: spagyric conc. stand. or spagyric stand.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (?:1): prep 1 (?:? in solvents) & prep 2 ... etc.

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

Spagyric standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold):Spagyric standardised (label AAN: spagyric standardised, if label space limited: spagyric stand.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:?): prep 1 (?:? in solvents) & prep 2 ... etc.

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN

T

Tincture

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Tincture (label AAN if label space limited: tinct.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in solvents)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

Tincture standardised

Approved name differentiation (approved names in bold): Tincture standardised (label AAN: if label space limited: tinct. stand.)

If final extraction ratio and solvents required: (1:? in solvents)

If equivalent dry/fresh weight required: EQUIV. AHN + part + dry/fresh

If component required: EQUIV. stand. comp. AAN/HCN