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Herbal ingredients plant parts index

TGA approved terminology for therapeutic goods

11 November 2019

This page will help you where plant part terms are required in product applications and on medicine labels. The guidance will ensure that you're using the most correct plant part name from the approved names in the TBS Plant Part Code Table.

Information in the plant parts index

Plant part term

  • Appearing in alphabetical order, these are either commonly used names or technical terms for plant parts.
  • Some of these terms are not TGA approved names, or are broad descriptions of the plant part (e.g. bark). Refer to the description to confirm if it has (or is) an approved name.

Approved name differentiation

  • If an approved name is listed here (in bold), ensure this is used in applications and on product labels. You can search the TBS Plant Part Code Table for the bolded plant parts.
  • If more than one approved name is suggested, select the most correct term for the plant part used to make the ingredient.
  • If there is no approved name listed, follow the instructions under the 'Refer and compare' section.
  • Refer and compare: Where the approved name is not obvious (e.g. broad terms such as bark, and fruit), this section will refer you to one or more alternate names/terms to help you find the most correct approved name.

NOTE

These are suggestions only, and usually (but not always) include the correct plant part.

Each suggested alternate term is also hyperlinked for easier web navigation.

  • Alternative term for label: Label AANs are optional if you need a different term for your label (if one or more is listed).

    The label name will not always be listed under the approved name. When label names are not listed under the AAN, you will be referred back to the relevant plant part in column 1 for the label name.

Herbal ingredients plant parts index

a

achene

seed

aerial parts

refer herb top or, if applicable, herb (contrast with whole plant)

aerial root

root aerial (label AAN: aerial root, root, root aer.)

albedo (Citrus fruit)

white layer of fruit peel (mesocarp): fruit peel inner (label AAN: fruit peel in.)

androecium

stamen (label AAN: flower stamen)

anther

anther (label AAN: flower anther)

antheridium

fruiting body

archegonium

fruiting body

aril

seed aril (label AAN: aril)

arillus

seed aril

ascocarp

b

balsam

  • where applicable, refer to: oil, oleoresin, resin, gum, gum oleoresin
  • where not as above: where not as above: add plant part from which balsam was derived e.g. gum balsam, sap balsam, or stem balsam, as applicable, and refer to Plant Preparations code table for the preparation: e.g. fresh, extract, etc.
  • where none of the above apply, use balsam

balsamum

refer balsam

bark

bark inner

bark outer

basidiocarp

mushroom

bean

seed or refer bean pod, if applicable

bean pod

  • with bean seeds: fruit (label AAN: pod, bean pod, fruit/legume pod)
  • without bean seeds: fruit pericarp (label AAN: fruit peri., pod, bean pod, fruit/legume pod)

berry

This term is broader than the strict botanical meaning.

  • where soft fruit of flowering plants: fruit (label AAN: berry)

Do not use the label AAN 'berry' if there is any hard tissue in the fruit, e.g. not for Crataegus (hawthorn) fruits

  • where soft fruit of conifers, e.g. Juniperus: fruit (label AAN: berry)
  • where seed has a fleshy layer around the embryo, e.g. Zanthoxylum: seed

blade

  • where leaf-like blade of seaweeds: blade(label AAN: refer frond, if applicable)
  • where broad portion of leaf (lamina) without leaf stalk (petiole): leaf blade
  • where broad portion of leaf (lamina) with leaf stalk (petiole), i.e. whole leaf: leaf
  • where blade and stem: blade and stem

blade and stem

blade and stem

blossom

flower

bough

refer branch

bracket fungus

fruiting body (label AAN: bracket fungus)

bract

bract, or where applicable, seed husk ( label AAN: flower bract)

bran

seed bran (label AAN: bran)

branch

branch, or where applicable, stem or stem wood

branch terminal

branch terminal leafy

bryophyte

bud

either leaf bud or flower bud, as applicable (label AAN: flower bud, if applicable)

bulb

bulb

bulbus

bulb

c

calyx

sepal (label AAN: flower sepal) - this term is broader than the strict botanical meaning.

capsule

  • where a moss capsule (sporangium): fruiting body (label AAN: capsule [of moss], fruit. body)
  • where any type of dry hollow fruit: fruit
  • where a simple dry fruit formed from several united ovary carpels, opening with pores or splits, e.g. lilies and poppies: fruit (label AAN: capsule) - this term is broader than the strict botanical meaning

Do not use the label AAN 'capsule' for legume pods, follicle pods, siliqua and silicule.

carcerulus

seed

caryopsis

catkin

flower (label AAN: catkin)

caulis

stem

cell

  • cells of single celled, colonial and filamentous algae and fungi including yeasts (e.g. Saccharomyces), blue-green algae (e.g. Spirulina and Arthrospira) and unicellular green algae (e.g. Chlorella): cell (label AAN: may be left blank)
  • cell wall, where applicable

cell wall

cell wall

cellulose

refer fibre (dietary fibre)

cereal grain

clove

clove

cone

  • fruit (label AAN: cone, berry, if applicable, refer strobile)
  • the seed-bearing body of conifers is termed a cone. Where the cone scales are fleshy and join around the seeds, as in the case of Juniperus, use fruit (label AAN: berry)

corm

corm

corolla

flower petal (label AAN: petal)

cortex

where peelings, refer to peel, fruit peel, skin, bark, bark outer, where applicable

where parenchyma, refer root pith or stem pith, as applicable

cotyledon

leaf cotyledon (label AAN: cotyledon)

cremocarp

cypsela

fruit

d

drupe

fruit

e

embryo

seed germ

embryon

refer shoot

embryonic shoot

refer shoot

endocarp

endosperm

seed endosperm (label AAN: seed starch, where applicable)

endosperm liquid

seed endosperm liquid

endospermum

seed endosperm

epidermis

refer skin, or where relevant, fruit skin

exocarp

exocarpus

f

fasciculus

fat

state part, e.g. seed, fruit flesh and refer Herbal Ingredients Plant Preparations index for preparation: i.e. fat

fern

fertile leaf

where reproductive structures are born on the leaf, e.g. sporangia on fern leaves: leaf fertile (label AAN: leaf)

fibre

fibrous root

with or without root hairs: root (label AAN: fibrous root)

filament

refer stamen filament; or cell, leaf (needle), hyphae (of fungi), spine, thorn, as appropriate:

flavedo (Citrus fruit)

coloured layer of fruit peel (mesocarp): fruit peel outer

flesh

refer: fruit flesh, root pith, stem pith, seed endosperm, as appropriate

flos

refer flower

flower

Flower refers both to flowers alone and to whole inflorescences, including branching flower stalks. Where present, leafy bracts may be included.

  • where whole flowers: flower (label AAN: refer flowering head)
  • where a cluster of flowers (infloresence) with included flower stalks (pedicels and peduncles) and any leafy bractsflower
  • where leaves and stems are also included: herb flowering or herb top flowering
  • where flower and leaf: flower and leaf

COMPARE WITH 'HERB FLOWERING' AND 'HERB TOP FLOWERING'

where only a part of the flower, refer to:

flower and leaf

flower and leaf

flower bud

flower bud (label AAN: fl. bud)

flower bud resin

flower bud resin (label AAN: fl. bud resin)

flower petal

  • flower petal (including tepal appearing as a petal) OR petal (both are correct)
  • (label AAN: fl. petal)

flower rachilla

flower stalk compare and refer flower

flower rachis

flower stalk compare and refer flower

flower receptacle

flower receptacle (label AAN: fl. rec.)

flower sepal

flower sepal (including tepal appearing as a sepal) (label AAN: fl. sepal)

flower stalk

flower stalk (label AAN: fl. stalk)

flowering head

flower (label AAN: flowering head)

flowering herb

herb flowering, compare and refer herb

flowering herb top

herb top flowering, compare and refer herb top

flowering top

herb top flowering, compare and refer herb top

flowering twig

twig flowering, compare and refer herb top

folium

refer leaf

follicle

fruit (label AAN: fruit pod, pod)

folliculus

fruit

frond

  • where leaf of ferns: leaf (label AAN: frond)
  • where leaf-like part of seaweeds: blade (label AAN: frond, where applicable)
  • where seaweed blade and stem (stipe): herb
  • where seaweed blade and stem (stipe) and holdfast: whole plant (label AAN: whole seaweed)

frucificatio

fructus

refer fruit

fruit

Fruit refers to the seed-bearing structure of flowering plants, including all types of simple, aggregate and multiple (compound) fruits. Fruit includes the seeds, all the surrounding tissue layers, any persistent bracts and the individual fruit stalk, and may include any branching fruit stalks.

  • where the whole fruit including the seeds, the surrounding soft/leathery/hard fruit tissue and any individual fruit stalks: fruit (label AAN: refer hip, cone)
  • where any type of dry hollow fruit: fruit (label AAN: refer capsule)
  • where a simple dry fruit formed from several united ovary carpels, opening with pores or splits, e.g. lilies and poppies: fruit (label AAN: refer capsule)
  • bean/legume pod with bean seeds: fruit (label AAN: refer pod)
  • where soft fruit of flowering plants: fruit (label AAN: refer berry)
  • where soft fruit of conifers, e.g. Juniperus: fruit (label AAN: refer berry)
  • where the whole fruit including shell and seed (dry, hard, single-seeded fruit that does not split open regularly), e.g. acorn, hazel nut: fruit (label ANN: refer nut)
  • where fruit is a legume (pea or bean pod), follicle, siliqua or silicula AND includes seeds: fruit (label AAN: refer pod)
  • pod with fruit and seeds: fruit (label AAN: refer pod)
  • where a strobile of a flowering plant: fruit (label AAN: refer strobile)
  • where leaves and stems are also included: herb fruiting or herb top fruiting
  • gourd: fruit (label AAN: refer gourd)

Refer also:

fruit endocarp

fruit endocarp (label AAN: fruit endo.)

refer fruit shell, if applicable

fruit epidermis

fruit skin

fruit exocarp

outer layer of fruit (exocarp): fruit exocarp (label AAN: fruit exo.)

also refer to fruit skin, fruit peel, fruit rind or fruit hull, where applicable.

fruit fibre

fruit fibre

fruit flesh

  • exocarp and mesocarp, e.g. pitted cherry: fruit flesh
  • mesocarp, e.g. peeled and stoned peach: fruit flesh
  • endocarp, e.g. juice cells of orange: fruit flesh
  • various tissues, e.g. peeled pineapple, peeled apple: fruit flesh

fruit hull

outer tough/leathery layer of fruit (exocarp), e.g. leathery walnut hull outside walnut shell: fruit hull (label AAN: walnut hull, if applicable)

where hard/stony layer of fruit, refer fruit shell

fruit husk

  • where sepals (often papery/leafy) remaining around fruit: sepal
  • where bracts (often papery) from around seed: seed husk

fruit juice

if juice of fruit: fruit juice

refer juice

fruit mesocarp

fruit mesocarp (label AAN: fruit meso.)

refer fruit flesh, fruit peel inner, fruit pith, as appropriate:

fruit oleoresin

fruit oleoresin

fruit pedicel

fruit stalk

fruit peduncel

fruit stalk

fruit peel

  • exocarp + mesocarp, e.g. orange peel: fruit peel
  • other tissue, e.g. apple peel: fruit peel
  • exocarp only: refer fruit skin

fruit peel inner

mesocarp, e.g. white layer (albedo) of Citrus (oranges, lemons, etc.): fruit peel inner

fruit peel outer

endocarp, e.g. coloured layer (flavedo) of Citrus (oranges, lemons, etc.): fruit peel outer

fruit pericarp

all fruit tissue except seeds, e.g. legume pods without the seeds (pericarp = exocarp + mesocarp + endocarp): fruit pericarp (label AAN: fruit peri., refer bean pod)

fruit pith

  • central pithy tissue that seeds attach around (placenta): fruit pith
  • mesocarp, e.g. granadilla flesh: fruit pith
  • refer fruit flesh or fruit peel inner, if applicable:

fruit pitted

fruit pulp

fruit without juice, if applicable

refer fruit flesh orfruit

fruit rachilla

fruit stalk

fruit rachis

fruit stalk

fruit resin

fruit resin

fruit rind

fruit rind inner

fruit peel inner

fruit rind outer

fruit peel outer

fruit seed

refer seed and fruit/seed

fruit seedless

fruit shell

  • outer hard layer of fruit (i.e. pericarp is hard/stony, not tough/leathery), e.g. hazelnut shell: fruit shell (label AAN: shell)
  • inner hard/stony layer around seed (e.g. endocarp in a drupe), e.g. walnut and almond shells: fruit shell
  • inner hard/stony shell (as above) with enclosed seed: seed & fruit shell

refer fruit

fruit skeleton

fruit vascular tissue

fruit skin

exocarp/epidermis, e.g. peach skin, tomato skin: fruit skin

fruit skin fibre

fruit skin fibre

fruit stalk

fruit pedicel, peduncle, rachis, rachillas: fruit stalk

fruit stone

fruit vascular bundles

fruit vascular tissue

fruit vascular tissue

nutrient-conducting tissue (xylem and phloem), sometimes stringy, e.g .bean pod strings: fruit vascular tissue (label AAN: fruit vasc.)

fruit wax

fruit wax

fruit without juice

fruit without juice, refer also fruit pulp

fruit/seed

Fruits that contain very little tissue other than the seeds are described in some pharmacopoeias as a fruit and in others as seeds.

Where:

  • two-seeded schizocarp of the Umbelliferae/Apiaceae family (which includes celery, parsley, carrot, coriander, cumin, anise and fennel), the schizocarp should be named in product applications as fruit/seed (label AAN: either fruit or seed)
  • referring to fruits that are composed almost entirely of seed tissue, seed is usually the correct term, but in some cases fruit is also correct
  • dry splitting two-seeded cremocarp schizocarps of Umbellifera/Apiaceae family including species of Aegopodium (goatweed), Ammi (bisnaga), Anethum (dill), Angelica, Anthriscus (chervil), Apium (celery), Bupleurum, Carum (caraway), Cicuta (cowbane), Conium (hemlock), Coriandrum (coriander), Crithmum (samphire), Cuminum (cumin), Daucus (carrot), Eryngium (eryngo), Ferula (galbanum), Foeniculum (fennel), Heracleum (cow parsnip), Hydrocotyle, Levisticum (lovage), Ligusticum (lovage), Myrrhis (sweet chervil), Oenanthe (dropwort), Petroselinum (parsley), Pimpinella (anise, burnet saxifrage), Sanicula (sanicle) and Zizia (golden Alexanders): either seed or fruit may be used, both are correct
  • dry single-seeded caryopsis of the Graminae/Poaceae grass family, including Avena (oats), Oryza (rice), Secale (rye), Triticum (wheat), Zea (corn, maize): seed
  • four-seeded carcerulus schizocarps, e.g. Labiatae/Lamiaceae family (Mentha (mints), Ocimum (basil), etc.) and Boraginaceae family (Borago (borage), etc.): seed
  • single-seeded achenes, e.g. Ranunculus (buttercup): seed
  • cypselas with no pappus, e.g. some Compositae/Asteracea: seed
  • many-seeded lomentum schizocarps, e.g. pea pods that fragment: seed

fruiting body

  • where a strobile of a horsetail, e.g. Equisetum: fruiting body (label AAN: fruit. body refer strobile, refer cone)
  • where a fern spore cluster (sporangium): fruiting body (label AAN: fruit. body, refer sporangium)
  • where a fruiting body of a moss, liverwort or hornwort (sporangium, archegonium or antheridium): fruiting body (label AAN: fruit. body, refer sclerotium, capsule (of moss), toadstool, as applicable)
  • where a fruiting body of a fungus, not with a mushroom shape (e.g. acsocarp): fruiting body (label AAN: fruit. body, refer puff ball, bracket fungus, as applicable)
  • where a fruiting body of a lichen: fruiting body (label AAN: fruit. body)
  • where an algae/seaweed fruiting body (sporangium or gametangium): fruiting body (label AAN: fruit. body, spore body, as applicable)
  • where a moss capsule (sporangium): fruiting body (label AAN: fruit. body, refer capsule)

COMPARE WITH FRUIT

fruiting herb

herb fruiting, refer herb

fruiting herb top

herb top fruiting, refer herb

fruiting top

herb top fruiting, refer herb top

fruiting twig

twig fruiting, refer herb top

fungus

  • mushroom-shaped spore-bearing bodies of basidiomycetes: mushroom (label AAN: whole fungus)
  • all other types of spore-bearing bodies of fungi: refer fruiting body
  • for basidiocarp or ascocarp, etc. (e.g. mushroom, puff ball, bracket fungus): refer fruiting body
  • refer whole plant, cell, hyphae, spore

g

gall

gall

galla

gall

gallnut

gall

gemma

refer bud

germ

seed germ

glume

bract or, if applicable, seed husk

gourd

fruit (label AAN: gourd)

grain (of cereal)

grain bract

seed husk

grain glume

seed husk

grain husk

seed husk

gram

where seeds of legume plants, e.g. beans: seed

gum

gum and refer to Plant Preparation code table for preparation: e.g. fresh, extract, etc.

gum balsam

gum balsam and refer to Plant Preparation code table for preparation: e.g. fresh, extract, etc.

refer oil, oleoresin, resin, gum, gum oleoresin, as applicable

gum oleoresin

gum oleoresin and refer to Plant Preparation code table for preparation: e.g. fresh, extract, etc.

gummi

refer gum

gynoecium

ovary (label AAN: flower ovary)

h

heartwood

refer root heartwood or stem heartwood, as applicable

herb

  • all the aerial parts present at harvesting when only vegetative parts are present - that is, the reproductive structures of flowers and fruits are not present: herb
  • stems with attached leaves where there is little flower or fruit material in the harvest (not with root or rhizome): herb
  • where seaweed thallus without holdfast: herb
  • where seaweed blade and stem (stipe): herb

COMPARE WITH HERB TOP AND WHOLE PLANT

Refer also to herb young, herb flowering, herb fruiting, herb flowering and fruiting, sprout, shoot, leaf, leaf fertile, fungus or cell, if applicable:

herb flowering

stems with attached leaves where flowers always present and little fruit material in the harvest (not with root or rhizome): herb flowering (label AAN: herb fl.)

herb flowering and fruiting

stems with attached leaves where flowers and fruit material are always present in the harvest (not with root or rhizome), use: herb flowering and fruiting (label AAN: herb fl.fr.)

herb fruiting

stems with attached leaves where fruit always present and little flower material in the harvest (not with root or rhizome): herb fruiting (label AAN: herb top fr.)

herb top

terminal ends of stems/branches with attached leaves where there is little flower or fruit material in the harvest (not with root or rhizome): herb top

COMPARE WITH HERB AND WHOLE PLANT

Refer and compare with:

herb top flowering

terminal ends of stems/branches with attached leaves where flowers always present and little fruit material in the harvest (not with root or rhizome): herb top flowering (label AAN: herb top fl., flowering herb top)

herb top flowering and fruiting

terminal ends of stems/branches with attached leaves with flowers and fruit material always present in the harvest (not with root or rhizome): herb top flowering and fruiting (label AAN: herb top fl. fr., flowering & fruiting herb top)

herb top fruiting

terminal ends of stems/branches with attached leaves with fruit always present and little flower material in the harvest (not with root or rhizome): herb top fruiting (label AAN: herb top fr, fruiting herb top.)

herb top young

terminal ends of stems/branches of immature plant with attached leaves (not with root or rhizome) before flowers or other reproductive structures form and before stems become woody: herb top young (label AAN: herb top)

herb young

immature stems with attached leaves where there is little flower or fruit material in the harvest (not with root or rhizome) before flowers or other reproductive structures form: herb young

herba

refer herb and herb top

hesperidium (Citrus)

fruit

hip (of Rosa)

  • where whole fruit including seeds: fruit (label AAN: rose hip)
  • where fruit without seeds: fruit pericarp (label AAN: fruit peri., rose hip)

holdfast (seaweed)

holdfast

hornwort

refer whole plant, herb, leaf, rhizoid, spore, fruiting body (archegonium, anteridium, sporangium), etc.

horsetail (e.g. Equisetum)

refer whole plant, herb, stem, sterile stem, ('stem' includes any whorls of minute leaves), leaf, rhizome, fruiting body (strobile), spore, etc.

hull

husk

seed husk, if applicable

refer fruit peel, if applicable

hyphae (of fungi)

hyphae

hypocotyl

hypocotyl

i

inflorescence

refer flower

inflorescentia

refer flower

j

juice

refer fruit juice

state part, e.g. leaf, stem and refer Plant Preparation code table for preparation, e.g. juice fresh, juice dry, juice concentrated

juice cells (of Citrus)

k

kernel

seed (label AAN: kernel)

kernel shell

kino

state part, e.g. root wood kino

l

lamina

leaf blade

lateral root

root lateral (label AAN: lateral root, root lat., root)

latex

latex

leaf

  • where true leaf, including leaf blade and stalk of simple leaf, or leaflets and stalks in compound leaf, with any stipules and axillary buds: leaf (label AAN: refer needle, if applicable)
  • leaf like structures of simple plants such as mosses: leaf
  • where leaf of fern or fern frond without spores: leaf (label AAN: refer frond, where applicable)
  • where broad portion of leaf (lamina) with leaf stalk (petiole), i.e. whole leaf: leaf
  • where the leaf has a specialised form, more accurate terms should be used - for example clove and bulb
  • where leaf-like blade/frond of seaweed: blade (label AAN: refer frond)
  • where leaf-like stems with tiny or absent leaves, e.g. Equisetum (horsetail): stem

leaf and stem

refer herb and herb top

leaf and twig

refer herb top

leaf blade

  • where broad portion of leaf (lamina) without leaf stalk (petiole): leaf blade (label AAN: frond)
  • where leaf-like blade of seaweeds: blade (label AAN: frond)

leaf bud

leaf bud

leaf bud resin

leaf bud resin

leaf cotyledon

leaf cotyledon (label AAN: cotyledon, leaf cot.)

leaf fertile

  • where reproductive structures are born on the leaf, e.g. sporangia on fern leaves: leaf fertile
  • where fern frond with spores: leaf fertile

leaf inner

leaf inner (e.g. of Aloe: leaf in. juice fresh/extract, etc.) (label AAN: inner leaf, leaf in., leaf)

leaf inner juice

leaf inner juice (e.g. of Aloe: leaf in. juice extract, etc.) (label AAN: leaf in. juice)

leaf outer

leaf outer

leaf rachilla

leaf rachilla

leaf rachis

leaf rachis

leaf radicle

leaf radicle (label AAN: leaf)

leaf resin

leaf resin

leaf skeleton

leaf vascular tissue (label AAN: leaf skeleton, leaf vasc.)

leaf stalk

leaf stalk

leaf vascular bundles

leaf vascular tissue (label AAN: leaf vasc.)

leaf vascular tissue

leaf vascular tissue (label AAN: leaf vasc.)

leaf wax

leaf wax, refer wax

leaf young

leaf young (label AAN: leaf)

leaflet

leaf (label AAN: leaflet)

legume pod

  • with pea/bean seeds: fruit (label AAN: pod, pea pod, bean pod, fruit pod, legume pod)
  • without pea/bean seeds: fruit pericarp (label AAN: fruit peri. pod, pea pod, bean pod, fruit pod, legume pod)

legume seed

seed (label AAN: pea seed, bean seed)

legumen

lichen

lignin

lignum

refer wood

liverwort

refer whole plant, herb, leaf (where leaf-like), rhizoid, spore, fruiting body (sporangium, archegonium or antheridium), etc.

lycopod (e.g. Lycopodium)

m

medulla

refer pith

mesocarp

mesocarpium

moss

refer whole plant, herb, stem, leaf, rhizoid, spore, fruiting body (sporangium capsule, archegonium or antheridium)

mushroom

  • where fruiting body of fungus, with a mushroom (or toadstool) shape (basidiocarp): mushroom (label AAN: toadstool, if applicable)
  • where fruiting body of fungus, not with a mushroom shape (e.g. ascocarp): fruiting body (label AAN: fruit. body, refer puff ball, bracket fungus, if applicable)
  • For specific parts of the mushroom, refer also mushroom cap, mushroom stem, etc.

mushroom cap

where the cap of a mushroom, use mushroom cap (label AAN: toadstool cap, if applicable)

mushroom stem

mushroom stem (label AAN: toadstool stem, if applicable)

mycelium (of fungi)

hyphae or refer cell

n

needle (of conifer)

leaf (label AAN: needle)

node

node

nodule

root nodule

nodule and root

root and root nodule

nodus

node

nut

  • where seeds or kernels only: seed (label AAN: kernel, if applicable)
  • where the whole fruit, including the shell and seed (dry, hard, single-seeded fruit that does not split open regularly), e.g. acorn, hazel nut: fruit (label AAN: nut)
  • where the seed and inner shell from a fruit (drupe), with the outer soft or leathery layer removed, e.g. walnuts, almonds: seed & fruit shell (label AAN: seed & shell)

nut shell

nux

refer nut

o

oil

state part, e.g. seed, herb or flower, as applicable, and refer to the Plant Preparation code tables for preparation, e.g. oil fixed, oil essential, oil infused

oleoresin

state part, e.g. gum oleoresin, fruit oleoresin, stem bark oleoresin and refer to the Plant Preparation code tables for preparation, e.g. fresh or extract

ovary

ovary (label AAN: flower ovary)

ovary stigma

stigma (label AAN: flower stigma)

ovary style

style (label AAN: flower style)

p

parenchyma

refer pith

pea

seed (label AAN: pea)

pea pod

  • with pea seeds: fruit (label AAN: pod, pea pod, fruit pod, legume pod)
  • without pea seeds: fruit pericarp (label AAN: fruit peri. pod, pea pod, fruit pod, legume pod)

pedicel

either flower stalk or fruit stalk, as applicable

pedicellus

refer pedicel

peduncle

either flower stalk or fruit stalk, as applicable

peel

state part, e.g. fruit peel, root peel, rhizome peel, stem peel, twig peel, etc. as applicable

refer also skin, fruit peel, bark, bark outer

pepo

fruit

pericarp

pericarpium

petal

  • petal (label AAN: flower petal)

OR

  • flower petal (both are correct)
  • where tepal appearing as a petal: petal

petiole

leaf stalk

phloem

pinna

leaf

pinnule

leaf

pith

  • state part, e.g. stem pith or root pith, as applicable
  • refer fruit pith

placenta

plant

plant immatura

plantula

sprout

plumula

plumule

plumule

plumule

pod

  • where fruit is a legume (pea or bean pod), follicle, siliqua or silicula AND includes seeds: fruit (label AAN: fruit pod, pod, pea pod, bean pod, legume pod, follicle pod, all as applicable)
  • where fruit is as above, without seeds: fruit pericarp (label AAN: fruit peri. fruit pod, pod, pea pod, bean pod, legume pod, follicle pod)
  • where fruit is not as above, with seeds: fruit (label AAN: fruit pod, pod)
  • where fruit is not as above, without seeds: fruit pericarp (label AAN: fruit peri.)

pollen

  • where collected by mechanical means: pollen
  • where collected by bees, use the Australian approved biological substance name 'Pollen' to name the substance

pomace (of apples)

pome

fruit

pressed seed cake

pressed seed cake

pteridophyte

refer fern, horsetail (e.g. Equisetum), lycopod (e.g. Lycopodium)

puff ball

fruiting body (label AAN: fruit. body, puff ball)

pulp

refer fruit pulp or stem pith, as applicable

pulse

where seeds of legume plants, e.g. beans: seed (label AAN: bean seed)

r

rachilla

leaf stalk, fruit stalk or flower stalk, as applicable

rachis

leaf stalk, fruit stalk or flower stalk, as applicable

radix

root

ramu

refer twig entries under herb top and refer stem

ramulus

refer twig entries under herb top and refer stem

receptacle

flower receptacle (label AAN: fl. rec.)

recetaculum

flower receptacle

resin

state part, e.g. flower bud resin, stem resin, or stem bark resin, as applicable

resina

refer resin

rhizoid

root

rhizoma

rhizome

rhizome

rhizome

rhizome and root

root and rhizome (label AAN: root & rhiz.)

rhizome and root and stolon

root and rhizome and stolon (label AAN: root, rhizome and stolon, root, rhiz & stolon)

rhizome and stolon

rhizome and stolon (label AAN: rhiz and stolon, rhiz & stolon)

rhizome bark

rhizome bark (label AAN: rhiz. bark)

rhizome bark inner

rhizome bark inner (label AAN: rhizome bark, rhiz. bark, rhiz. bark in.)

rhizome bark outer

rhizome bark outer (label AAN: rhizome bark, rhiz bark, rhiz. bark outer)

rhizome heartwood

rhizome heartwood (label AAN: rhizome wood, rhiz. heartwood, rhiz. wood)

rhizome oleoresin

rhizome oleoresin

rhizome peel

rhizome peel or rhizome skin, if applicable

rhizome sapwood

rhizome sapwood (label AAN: rhizome wood, rhiz. wood)

rhizome skin

rhizome skin or rhizome peel, if applicable

rhizome wood

rhizome wood (label AAN: rhiz. wood)

rind

root

  • all or most of the rooting system, such as fibrous roots and tap roots with any lateral roots and nodules: root (label AAN: refer taproot, fibrous root if applicable)
  • true roots with or without root hairs and root-like rhizoids: root (label AAN: rhizoid)
  • where only some of the rooting system is used, refer root lateral, root aerial or root nodule
  • an underground stem is also used, name each part (e.g. root & rhizome)

root aerial

root aerial (label AAN: aerial root, root aer.)

root and rhizome

root and rhizome (label AAN: root & rhiz.)

root and rhizome and stolon

root and rhizome and stolon (label AAN: root, rhiz. & stolon)

root and root nodule

root and root nodule (label AAN: root & root nodule)

root and stolon

root and stolon (label AAN: root & stolon)

root bark

root bark

root bark inner

root bark inner (label AAN: root bark)

root bark outer

root bark outer (label AAN: root bark)

root epidermis

root skin

root fibre

root fibre

root heartwood

root heartwood (label AAN: root wood)

root lateral

root lateral (label AAN: lateral root, root lat.)

root nodule

root nodule

root peel

root peel or root skin, if applicable

root pith

root pith or root pith fibre, if applicable

root pith fibre

root pith fibre

root sapwood

root sapwood (label AAN: root wood)

root skin

root skin or root peel, if applicable

root tap

root tap

root vascular bundles

root vascular tissue (label AAN: root vasc.)

root vascular tissue

root vascular tissue (label AAN: root vasc.)

root wood

root wood

root wood inner

root heartwood (label AAN: root wood)

root wood kino

root wood kino

root wood outer

root sapwood (label AAN: root wood)

s

samara

fruit

sap

sap and refer to Plant Preparations code table for the preparation: e.g. fresh, powder, extract, etc.

sap balsam

sap resin

sap resin

sapwood

sawdust

refer wood

scape

scape

scapus

scape

schizocarp

schlerenchyma

refer fibre

sclerotium

fruiting body (label AAN: fruit. body, spore body)

scobis

refer wood

seaweed

refer whole plant, holdfast, stem (stipe), blade (or if applicable, frond), fruiting body (gametangium, sporangium)

seed

  • seed
  • where seed has a fleshy layer around the embryo, e.g. Zanthoxylum: seed
  • where seeds/kernels only: seed

refer also fruit/seed

seed and fruit shell

where seed and inner shell from a fruit (drupe) with the outer soft or leathery layer removed, e.g. walnuts, almonds: seed and fruit shell (label AAN: seed & shell)

seed aril

seed aril (label AAN: aril)

seed bran

seed bran (label AAN: bran)

seed coat

seed coat

seed coat aril

seed aril (label AAN: aril)

seed embryo

seed germ

seed endosperm

seed endosperm (label AAN: seed endo., seed starch, if applicable), refer endosperm liquid, if applicable

seed epidermis

seed skin or seed bran, if applicable

seed fibre

seed fibre

seed germ

seed germ

seed germinating

refer sprout

seed husk

seed husk, including where bracts (often papery) from around seed

seed mucilage

seed mucilage

seed shell

seed skin

seed skin, or where applicable, seed bran

seed sprout

refer sprout

seed/fruit

semen

seed

sepal

  • sepal (label AAN: flower sepal)
  • where sepals (often papery/leafy) remaining around fruit: sepal
  • where tepal appearing as a sepal: sepal

shell

shoot

  • immature stem offshoots of mature plant: shoot
  • where only the stem: stem

also refer shoot top and compare herb and herb top

shoot top

terminal ends of immature stems with leaves, emerging as offshoots of a mature plant: shoot top

silicula

fruit (label AAN: fruit pod, pod)

siliqua

fruit (label AAN: fruit pod, pod)

silk (of corn, Zea)

style or stigma (both are correct) (label AAN: flower style, flower stigma)

skin

state applicable part, e.g. fruit skin, root skin, rhizome skin, stem skin, twig skin

refer also peel, fruit peel, bark, or bark outer, where relevant

sorosis

fruit

spina

refer to spine or thorn, as applicable

spine

spine

spora

spore

sporangium

  • where an algae/seaweed fruiting body (sporangium or gametangium): fruiting body (label AAN: fruit. body, spore body, refer capsule or mushroom, if applicable)
  • where a fern spore cluster (sporangium): fruiting body (label AAN: spore body)
  • where a fruiting body of a moss, liverwort or hornwort (sporangium, archegonium or antheridium): fruiting body

spore

spore

sprout

germinating seed with first leaves: sprout

refer also herb and herb top for comparison

stalk

stamen

stamen (label AAN: flower stamen)

stamen anther

anther (label AAN: flower anther)

stamen filament

stamen filament (label AAN: flower filament, stamen fil.)

staminis

stamen

stem

  • central stem(s) and the branches: stem (label AAN: vine stem, where applicable)
  • where stem growth form not specialised: stem
  • where leaf-like stems with tiny or absent leaves, e.g. Equisetum (horsetail): stem
  • where stipe of seaweed or flowering plant: stem (refer also flower stalk, or fruit stalk, as applicable)
  • where stem growth form specialised, refer rhizome, stolon, corm, tuber, bulb (includes leaves), etc.
  • where other plant parts are included, refer herb, herb top, whole plant and related terms.

stem and leaf

refer herb and herb top

where leaf-like stems with tiny or absent leaves, e.g. Equisetum (horsetail): stem

stem balsam

refer oil, oleoresin, resin, gum, gum oleoresin, as applicable

where not as above: stem balsam and refer Plant Preparation code table for preparation: e.g. fresh, extract, etc.

stem bark

stem includes branches and twigs,use stem bark (label AAN: bark)

stem bark fibre

stem bark fibre (label AAN: bark fibre)

stem bark inner

stem bark inner (label AAN: inner bark, stem bark in., bark)

stem bark oleoresin

stem bark oleoresin (label AAN: bark oleoresin)

stem bark outer

stem bark outer (label AAN: outer bark, bark)

stem bark resin

stem bark resin (label AAN: bark resin)

stem epidermis

stem skin

stem fibre

stem fibre

stem gum

refer gum

stem heartwood

stem heartwood (label AAN: heartwood, wood)

stem latex

latex

stem peel

stem peel or stem skin, if applicable

stem pith

stem pith

stem resin

stem resin

stem sap

refer sap

stem sapwood

stem sapwood (label AAN: sapwood, wood)

stem skin

stem skin or stem peel, if applicable

stem sterile

stem

stem vascular bundle

stem vascular tissue (label AAN: stem vasc.)

stem vascular tissue

stem vascular tissue (label AAN: stem vasc.)

stem wood

stem wood (label AAN: wood)

stem wood resin

stem wood resin (label AAN: wood resin)

stigma

stigma and refer silk (label AAN: flower stigma)

stigma and style

stigma and style

stipe

  • where of seaweed: stem
  • where of flowering plant: stem, flower stalk, or fruit stalk, as applicable

stipulae

stipule

stipule

stipule

stolon

stolon

stolon and rhizome

rhizome and stolon (label AAN: rhizome & stolon, rhiz. & stolon)

stolon and root

root and stolon (label AAN: root & stolon)

stolon and root and rhizome

root and rhizome and stolon (label AAN: root, rhizome & stolon)

stoma

stoma

strobile

  • where a strobile of a flowering plant: fruit (label AAN: strobile, cone, if applicable)
  • where a strobile of a horsetail, e.g. Equisetum: fruiting body (label AAN: fruit. body, strobile)

strobilus

flower

stromata

stromata

style

style and refer silk (label AAN: flower style)

stylus

refer style

styrax

refer resin

succus

refer sap

synconus

fruit

t

taproot

root (label AAN: taproot)

tepal

  • where appearing as a petal: petal (label AAN: flower petal)
  • where appearing as a sepal: sepal (label AAN: flower sepal)

testa

seed coat

testa aril

seed aril (label AAN: aril)

thallus

thallus blade

blade (label AAN: frond, if applicable)

thallus frond

blade (label AAN: frond)

thallus holdfast

holdfast

thallus stipe

stem

thorn

thorn

toadstool

refer mushroom

top

refer herb top

truewood

refer heartwood

trunk

stem (label AAN: trunk)

trunk bark

refer stem bark

trunk wood

refer stem wood

tuber

tuber

turiones

twig

twigs without leaf, flower or fruit: twig

twig bark

twig bark

twig bark inner

twig bark inner (label AAN: twig bark inner, twig bark, twig bark in.)

twig bark outer

twig bark outer (label AAN: twig bark outer, twig bark)

twig dormant

dormant twigs with or without flower buds and/or leaf buds but without leaf, flower or fruit: twig dormant

compare herb top

twig flowering

twigs with flowers always present, with little leaf or fruit: twig flowering

refer twig flowering budding and herb top

twig flowering and fruiting

twigs with flowers and fruits always present with little leaf: twig flowering and fruiting

refer twig flowering, twig fruiting, twig flowering budding and herb top

twig flowering budding

twigs with flower buds always present with little leaf, flower or fruit: twig flowering budding

twig fruiting

twigs with fruits always present with little leaf or flower: twig fruiting

refer herb top

twig heartwood

twig heartwood (label AAN: twig wood)

twig leafy

leafy twigs where there is little flower or fruit material in the harvest: twig leafy

twig leafy flowering

leafy twigs with flowers always present, with little fruit: twig leafy flowering

twig leafy flowering and fruiting

leafy twigs with flowers and fruits always present: twig leafy flowering and fruiting

twig leafy fruiting

leafy twigs with fruits always present, with little flower: twig leafy fruiting

twig leafy young

leafy twigs where the twigs are less than a year old: twig leafy young

twig peel

twig peel or twig skin, if applicable

twig sapwood

twig sapwood (label AAN: twig wood)

twig skin

twig skin or twig peel, if applicable

twig wood

twig wood

twig young

refer entries under herb top

u

underground parts

state parts, e.g. root or rhizome or root and rhizome

v

vascular bundles

vascular tissue

state part, e.g. fruit vascular tissue, stem vascular tissue, root vascular tissue

refer fibre (cells)

vine

specify part, e.g. stem, herb etc.

vine herb

refer entries under herb

vine stem

stem (label AAN: vine stem)

w

wax

state part, e.g. leaf wax, fruit wax etc. and refer to Plant Preparation code table for preparation: fresh, extract, etc.

whole plant

  • where entire plant body, including any underground parts, holdfasts and reproductive structures: whole plant (label AAN where applicable: whole fungus, whole lichen, whole seaweed, whole moss, whole horsetail, whole liverwort, whole hornwort, whole fern)
  • refer to entry naming each type of plant to ensure all parts are included - loss of the fine root hairs/rhizoids is expected
  • where entire thallus of seaweed (blade/frond, stem (stipe) and holdfast and reproductive structures): whole plant
  • where entire hyphae (mycelia) and fruiting bodies: whole plant
  • where only aerial parts, refer herb and herb top
  • where mushroom-shaped part of fungus, refer fruiting body
  • where single celled, filamentous and colonial algae or fungi, refer cell

wood

refer:

wood inner

refer heartwood

wood outer

refer sapwood

x

xylem

refer wood and refer vascular tissue

xylem primary

refer sapwood and refer vascular tissue

xylem secondary

refer heartwood